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July 25, 2011


A party asserting a claim to relief as an original claim, counterclaim, cross-claim, or third party claim, may join, either as independent or as alternate claims, as many claims, legal or equitable, in contract or tort, as the party has against an opposing party.


Whenever a claim is one heretofore cognizable only after another claim has been prosecuted to a conclusion, the two (2) claims may be joined in a single action; but the court shall grant relief in that action only in accordance with the relative substantive rights of the parties. In particular, a plaintiff may state a claim for money and a claim to have set aside a fraudulent conveyance as to the plaintiff, without first having obtained a judgment establishing the claim for money. The plaintiff may state a claim for money and a claim to discover and subject to the satisfaction of the claim for money, the property of the defendant which cannot be reached by execution, without first having obtained a judgment establishing the claim for money.

Advisory Commission Comments.

18.01: Rule 18.01 allows any party to assert in the pleading all claims which the party may have against an opposing party. As these rules provide for a common procedure in circuit and chancery courts, the joinder of legal and equitable claims is made possible, except where jurisdictional limitations prevent such joinder.

18.02: Rule 18.02 is designed to allow a party to accomplish in a single action a result which under prior law required that two or more actions be taken in proper sequence. The particular cases set out in the Rule are illustrative; e.g., if a party has a claim against a debtor, and the debtor has conveyed his or her assets in fraud of the claimant, the claimant can sue for the debt and sue to set aside the fraudulent conveyance at the same time. The court would grant the second remedy – setting aside the conveyance – only if it found that the claimant was entitled to the money judgment sought. (Actually, this particular result was permitted by prior statute (Tenn. Code Ann. § 29-12-101), but it illustrates the purposes of the Rule.)

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